These infections are caused by fungal organisms or yeast that live in the dead top layer of the skin (stratum corneun, nails and hair).
- Ringworms- This superficial skin infection, also known as tinea, is caused by fungi called dermatophytes and appears as circular rings on the skin.
- Athlete’s Foot -Athlete’s foot is a common fungal infection that got it’s name as it is easily transmitted in locker rooms, pool decks and other areas where people are often barefoot.
- Candidiasis (Yeast Infection)- Candida, the fungi that cause these infections, live on all surfaces of our bodies, but infections are more likely to occur in the moist folds of our skin. They occur when yeast on the skin grows more actively and causes a red, scaling, itchy rash on the skin. Yeast infections are not contagious.
- Fungal Nail Infections -A fungal nail infection occurs when a fungus attacks a fingernail, a toenail, or the skin under the nail, called the nail bed
Most fungal skin infections are treated with topical creams unless they are extensive, in which case oral medication may be prescribed.