There are many types of dermatitis, which literally means inflammation of the dermis. In most cases, dermatitis is characterized by inflamed, red, dry, itchy skin. More serious dermatitis may present itself as scales or oozing sores or blisters.
Since there are an endless number of things that can irritate the skin, your doctor will try to narrow the diagnosis to a specific category of dermatitis.
- Contact dermatitis, which includes allergic contact dermatitis is a skin reaction to an agent that touches the skin causing a rash.
- Nummular dermatitis is common in a dry environment and presents itself as round, red plaques that are most commonly seen on the legs, hands, arms, and torso.
- Atopic dermatitis, or eczema, causes the skin to itch, swell, and sometimes blister. This type of eczema is usually genetic and appears at a very young age.
- Seborrheic dermatitis, called cradle cap in infants and dandruff in adults, consists of greasy, yellowish or reddish scaling on the scalp, face, or genitals.
- Stasis dermatitis leads to irritation around the ankles and is caused by poor circulation in the legs.
Even though there are many types of Dermatitis, treatment is similar for most skin irritation and inflammation. Treatment will be determined by your doctor after diagnosis of the type of dermatitis you have. Treatment options range from avoiding the allergen, to topical medications, antihistamine pills and antibiotics. At the Asarch Center for Dermatology, Laser & Mohs Surgery, our medical professionals will help you diagnose and treat your dermatitis appropriately.